PRINCE2 is a process-based approach for project management providing an easily tailored, and scaleable method for the management of all types of projects. Each process is defined with its key inputs and outputs together with the specific objectives to be achieved and activities to be carried out.
Directing a Project runs from the start-up of the project until its closure. This process is aimed at the Project Board. The Project Board manages and monitors via reports and controls through a number of decision points.
The key processes for the Project Board break into four main areas:
This is the first process in PRINCE2. It is a pre-project process, designed to ensure that the pre-requisites for initiating the project are in place.
The process expects the existence of a Project Mandate which defines in high level terms the reason for the project and what outcome is sought. Starting up a Project should be very short.
The work of the process is built around the production of three elements:
The objectives of Initiating a Project are to:
This process provides the Project Board with key decision points on whether to continue with the project or not.
The objectives of the process are to:
This process describes the monitoring and control activities of the Project Manager involved in ensuring that a stage stays on course and reacts to unexpected events. The process forms the core of the Project Manager's effort on the project, being the process which handles day-to-day management of the project.
Throughout a stage there will be a cycle consisting of:
The objective of this process is to ensure that planned products are created and delivered by:
The purpose of this process is to execute a controlled close to the project. The process covers the Project Manager's work to wrap up the project either at its end or at premature close. Most of the work is to prepare input to the Project Board to obtain its confirmation that the project may close.
The objectives of Closing a Project are therefore to:
PRINCE2 recommends three levels of plan to reflect the needs of the different management levels involved in the project, stage and team.
Planning is a repeatable process and its activities are included within the seven main PRINCE2 processes, as appropriate. Information about plans and how to plan can be found in the Plans Theme section of the PRINCE2 Manual.
The activities of planning are:
PRINCE2 uses a technique known as ‘Product based planning’ which requires four activities: